In the Middle Ages (5th to 15th centuries), Italian artists continued to use marble from local quarries or sculptures rescued from ancient ruins. Unlike ancient sculptors, medieval marble artists rejected realism and favored naive stylized depictions. Likewise, they tend to create religious works, such as figurines and altarpieces decorated with relief carvings, rather than life-size figures rooted in mythological or secular themes.
Andrea da Giona, “Altarpiece with Christ, St. John the Baptist and St. Margarita” (1434)
Outside of Italy, sculptors are also interested in this subject. They also create a lot of ancient marble statues of this theme. However, they prefer to use ivory, stone, and wood because marble is difficult to enter and costs more.