Ancient Greece is one of the sources of Western civilization. There was a literary civilization in that era, but the myths and characters of that era were also prosperous and were seen and heard by people. Speaking of the gods in mythology, Athena is the goddess that people always remember immediately. Athena, also known as Pallas Athena, is the goddess of wisdom and war in ancient Greek mythology, and one of the twelve gods of Olympus. According to ancient Greek literature, Athena is dignified and beautiful, bright and moving, and is a young and powerful goddess. She is also the goddess of art and the protector of handicrafts. She teaches human textiles, gardening, pottery, and other arts; painting, music, poetry, and other arts. Tantra prayer songs call her “the founding art”. At the same time, she is also the goddess of military strategy; the protector of navigation, agriculture, and medical care; the goddess of court and order. She founded the first court in Greece. Regarding the sculpture of Athena, it is also very popular. In museums in various countries, the sculpture of the goddess Athena is indispensable. Each country has different styles. People imagined all kinds of beautiful and heroic Athena based on the goddess in mythology. Great artists fixed the image of Athena into sculptures, and each sculpture has its unique characteristics.