The history of Greece has a long history, but it is the Marble classical greek sculptures that have developed and prospered in the art world. They have experienced wind and rain, some are still standing out of the sky, and some have been carefully moved into the museum collection. Look at these Marble classical greek sculptures, as if a door connecting time and space appeared in front of us, showing us the long and prosperous history of art, and showing us the emotions in the hearts of famous Greek sculptors.
Let’s start with a famous sculptor, appreciate marble classical Greek sculptures, and understand the history of the mainstream of human civilization.

1.Polykleitos

Polykleitos was a Greek sculptor from the 5th to 4th centuries BC. His Marble classical greek sculptures are mainly divided into three types, “three idealized male images”. His work Diadumenos is divided into three different types, namely diadem-bearer,Spear-Bearer and discus-bearer.

diadem bearer

Diadem Bearer

Spear Bearer

Spear Bearer

discus bearer

Discus Bearer

2. Myron

One of the three masters of the classical Greek era. His discobolus marble sculpture is based on real-life sports activities in Greece, depicting the expressive moments of a strong man in the process of discus throwing. The moment when the discus chosen by the sculpture returns to its highest point and is about to be thrown, it has a strong “inducing but not sending out” attraction. Although it is a static sculpture, Myron grasped the key link of transition from one state to another and achieved the effect of giving the audience a “sense of movement” psychologically. It became a model of marble classical greek sculptures for later generations.

Athena and Marsyas are based on Greek mythology: Marsyas is a Satir, Athena abandoned a double-pipe flute (Aulos), Marsyas picked it up and played, and later he used this instrument to challenge Apollo, the sun god who is in charge of the music. , The result was killed. The implication of marble classical greek sculptures is that people cannot be arrogant, otherwise they will be punished as necessary.

Myron Athena and Marsyas

Myron Athena And Marsyas

3. Kresilas

Two of the Three Masters of the Classical Greek Era. In addition to Pericles bust and Helmeted Athena, the marble classical greek sculptures of Kresilas also include Slayed amazon marble sculptures. In the remains of the temple, the British Museum’s archaeological team excavated a large number of sculptures with the theme of “Amazonians”. Archaeologists basically grouped these “Amazonian sculptures” into five major types. One of the types is confirmed to be the work of Phidias and is called Amazon Mattei. The other four types are Polykleitos or Kresilas.

4. Phidias

The third of the three masters of the classical Greek era. “The greatest ancient Greek sculptor”, the builder of the Temple of Zeus and the Parthenon. The Greeks did not leave a painting of this huge statue of Zeus. The following is an imaginary drawing drawn by later generations based on written records.

athena varvakeion

Athena Varvakeion

Heracles and the Cretan Bull

Heracles And The Cretan Bull

The Louvre, the reliefs of the Olympian Zeus Temple: Heracles and the Cretan Bull. In this temple of Zeus are carved 12 great works of Hercules, these are all marble classical Greek sculptures.

Athena believes that everyone is very familiar with it. The goddess of wisdom in Greek mythology has an important position in ancient Greek culture. The sculpture of Athena is important in marble classical Greek sculptures. The main material of this statue is silver-white marble, partially inlaid with ivory and gold. This statue of Athena wears a battle helmet and a Greek-style long dress. The armor is decorated with snake-shaped decorations and human head decorations. Athena’s bare arms, through her thin clothes, can vaguely see Athena’s plump, toned and powerful body. The folds and ornaments of the dresses have created the beauty of the density and density of the horizontal and vertical lines. The gesture of extending the hand is likely to be holding a spear or something. The whole shape is full of feminine tenderness and vitality. It shows more humanity and less divinity, and this shows that the art of ancient Greece has begun to become secular.

In the narrow triangular space on the gable of the Parthenon, Phidias designed a group of exquisite group sculptures. These can be called marble classical Greek sculptures. They were also rescued at the British Museum (the constant war at the time) These reliefs have been repeatedly destroyed many times). The height of the group of characters is lowered successively until they finally lie down to adapt to the narrow space at the corner of the triangular gable.

Group sculptures of the Parthenon

Through these four famous Greek sculptors, we have experienced marble classical Greek sculptures. Although some of them have been damaged, they do not affect the development of Greek artistic civilization. Incompleteness is a higher level of beauty. I felt the charm of marble sculptures and injected the emotions of characters and interpretations of myths into marble classical Greek sculptures. The reason why it became a classic is because of the exquisite carvings on the sculptures and the traces of time. In addition to these famous sculptors, a large number of outstanding works have also emerged in the development of marble Greek sculpture art.

1. Laocoon marble classical greek sculptures

The Laocoon and his son’s sculpture group is based on the wooden horse tactics in ancient Greek mythology. Because Laocoon warned the Trojans not to drag the Trojan horse into the city of Troy, he was killed by a giant python sent by the Greek god of protection. The Laocoon sculpture group expresses the tragic conflict between gods and humans, which makes him possess eternal value beyond time and space. The muscular movement of this sculpture has reached its limit, like hills are closely connected with each other, showing the strength and extreme tension under the consciousness of pain and resistance. In any situation, people have three senses, fear, terror, and sympathy. As a sculpture, it is already a very difficult thing to express one of these. However, the Laocoon sculpture group contains these three emotions at the same time. It must be said that this is a very great achievement.

2. Suicidal gaul marble statue

Suicidal Gaul detail

Suicidal Gaul Detail

Suicidal Gaul

Suicidal Gaul

The Suicidal Gauls are one of the important periods of marble classical Greek sculptures. This sculpture shows the scene where the defeated Gaul leader bravely and firmly killed his wife and then committed suicide in order not to be a prisoner. This is an extremely shocking and tragic sculpture, showing the tension at the moment of suicide, using various contrasting techniques to shape it. Life and death, standing down, moving and static, up and down, and facing and turning, constitute a three-dimensional space that can be viewed from all sides as a combined sculpture.

Why marble classical greek sculptures became a classic in the history of Western art?

Those sculptors were good at grasping the accurate structure of the human body and its changing relationship in movement, and achieving a balance and harmony between the spirit and the body, creating such a golden age of Greek art. It is not difficult to see that the long-standing myths and legends of ancient Greece are the source and subject of marble classical Greek sculptures. They are the beautiful fantasy of nature and society of the Greeks. They believe that gods and humans have the same shape and character. Therefore, ancient Greek sculptures refer to people. The image of God is used to shape the image of God and give it a more ideal and perfect art form.